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How is French Marseille Soap made?


What's behind the Marseille Soap you've just purchased?

Our Marseille Soaps (Savons de Marseille) are created by the 'Le Serail' Soap Factory, one of the last remaining artisanal and traditional soap-making factories in Marseille, based in the Phocéenne city. 


The family business has used time-honoured methods for making France’s favourite soap, using the traditional expertise of a Maître Savonnier – a Master Soap Maker. Le Serail continues to make Marseille soaps the old fashioned way – boiled in a cauldron, hand cut, air dried and stamped.

Le Serail Soap Factory

 

 

 

In the 1900s, Marseilles's big city of Provence saw its soap factories - a hundred at the time - close one after the other due to the massive arrival of laundry. 

A man, returning from deportation in Germany, Vincent BOETTO, made the bet to create in 1949 the Savonnerie le Serail, in order to perpetuate the know-how and the tradition of the real soap of Marseille. 
He then took over a farm located inside the city, where he installed the equipment needed to manufacture the traditional Marseille soap cube, and in particular the cauldrons in which the soap paste was made. 

Today, it is his son, Daniel, proud of this heritage, who took over the reins of soap factory in 2009 and who perpetuates the know-how left by his father. 
Thus, all the equipment is of period, and has been preserved as well as all the steps necessary to the manufacture of the traditional soap of Marseille, which allowed him to obtain the label "Enterprise of Living Heritage", Awarded by the Marseille Chamber of Commerce.

Soap making at Le Serail

The authentic Marseille soap is made in a cauldron, according to a specific saponification process called the "Marseillais process", comprising five stages:


. 1st step: The paste, or saponification chemical reaction.

Oils of vegetable origin are heated in a large cauldron. Under the action of soda ( Sodium Hydroxide, NaOH) and heat, they gradually transform into soap.

Traditional Marseille Soap is heated in cauldrons

. 2nd step: Release . 

The soap being insoluble in salt water, this operation consists in adding sea salt in order to carry the excess sodium hydroxide solution to the bottom of the cauldron, the soap remaining above.

. Step 3: Cooking .

This operation characterizes the saponification and allows the complete transformation of the vegetable oils into soap.

. Step 4: Washing .

The soap paste is refined by washing, resulting in glycerol, impurities and unsaponified fatty acids.

. 5th stage: liquidation .

A final washing with clear water brings the soap to the final state: a pure and smooth soap which is the reputation of the Marseillais process.

These different operations take about a week. 


The Casting 

The soap is poured hot (70 °C) into basins called "bets", where it will cool and solidify for about three days.  

           

The cutting 

The soap slab is then cut into blocks of 40 to 50 kg before being redrawn in units of 1000g - 600g - 400g - 300g. 
Everything is done manually on vintage machines.

Drying 

The soap cubes are then placed on shelves where they will dry in the open air for fifteen days so that the contained water can evaporate. No use of dehydrator there, just a slow natural process.

Stamping 

The whole production is artisanal and the cubes will be stamped one by one in soap presses featuring vintage tulip molds
The soap is then marked on its six faces with Savon de Marseille, weight, olive oil base, made in cauldron, manufacturers logo, 72% olive oil base.

Indeed, between 1811 and 1812, Napoleon 1st published 4 decrees stipulating that soaps are stamped indicating the weight, type of oil used, along with the manufacturer's name and town of residence. The presentation described was therefore intended to inform and reassure the consumer about the quality, weight of the soap, and its origin.

You now know the Craftsmanship process Traditional Marseille Soap is made from. The soap you purchase at our store took artisans 3 weeks to make.

# SLOW MADE  # VINTAGE EQUIPMENT  # SMALL FACTORY  # SAVOIR-FAIRE

 

Appreciate this timeless product, made by passionate artisans and enjoy its many qualities over the years to come.

French Bliss is proud to offer you this authentic French product online. Bliss You!

 

(available Olive & Copra or Copra only in 300g or 150g cubes)
 
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